George Harrison - Biography

George Harrison

George Harrison, MBE (24 February 1943 – 29 November 2001) was a popular English guitarist, singer, songwriter, record producer, and film producer, best known as a member of The Beatles.

Harrison was the lead guitarist of The Beatles. During the band’s phenomenally successful career, John Lennon and Paul McCartney were its main songwriters. However, Harrison usually wrote and sang lead on one or two songs per album which earned him growing admiration as a considerable talent in his own right, including the popular "If I Needed Someone", "Taxman", "While My Guitar Gently Weeps", "Here Comes the Sun", and "Something".

While still a Beatle, Harrison became attracted to Indian music and Hinduism, sparking unprecedented interest in Eastern beliefs and music in the Western Hemisphere. Both would subsequently play a prominent role in Harrison’s life and music. Around this time he also became a vegetarian, and he remained one until his death. The Beatles' first vegetarian experience came when George led them to India and the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi.

Harrison also had an uneven but sometimes very successful solo career after the break-up of The Beatles, scoring major hits with "My Sweet Lord" (1970), "Give Me Love (Give Me Peace on Earth)" (1973), "All Those Years Ago" (1981), and "Got My Mind Set on You" (1987). He also organized the first large-scale benefit concert, The Concert For Bangladesh, which took place on August 1, 1971. Harrison was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a solo artist in 2004.

Harrison was also a film producer and founded Handmade Films in 1979. The company's films include Monty Python’s The Life of Brian (in which he had a very minor cameo), Time Bandits, Withnail and I, and Mona Lisa. Harrison also has a cameo role in The Beatles parody film The Rutles.

Early years

George Harrison was born at 12 Arnold Grove, Wavertree, Liverpool, England. A good deal of confusion as to his real birthday arose from family birth record which noted him as being born around 12:10 A.M. on 25 February, 1943. He later confirmed his birthday was 24 February at 11:40 P.M. He is sometimes given the middle name of Harold, as in "George Harold Harrison," but this is incorrect. Harrison had no middle name, as one can see on his birth certificate. Harold was his father's, as well as an elder brother's, name.

Harrison’s childhood home is located at 12 Arnold Grove. He first attended school at Dovedale Infants, just off Penny Lane. Later on, from 1954 onwards, he attended the Liverpool Institute for Boys (now the Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts), a "smart school," after passing the Eleven-plus but was regarded as a poor student, and contemporaries described him as someone who would "sit alone in the corner". In the mid-1950s he knew Paul McCartney (also a Liverpool Institute student) and beginning in February 1958 played lead guitar in the band (initially called The Quarrymen) that eventually became The Beatles.

In 1959, Harrison worked briefly as an apprentice electrician at Blacklers Stores in Liverpool. The training helped, and Harrison became the member who knew the most about rigging their sound equipment. Later he set up his own multitrack recording gear at his Esher home, Kinfauns, making song demos for himself and The Beatles.

Role in The Beatles

Harrison was not a virtuoso guitarist, especially in the early days of the Beatles' recording career. His earliest recorded electric guitar solos tended to be clunky and unimaginative, especially when compared to legendary rock 'n' roll guitarists like Scotty Moore, Cliff Gallup or even his idol, Carl Perkins. Several of Harrison's famous Beatles guitar solos were recorded under specific directions from Paul McCartney, who on occasion demanded that Harrison play what he envisioned virtually note-for-note. Other Harrison solos were directed or modified by producer George Martin, who also vetoed several of Harrison's song and instrument offerings; Martin admitted years later, "I was always rather beastly to George."

Toward the end of the 60s, however, Harrison became a fluent, inventive and highly accomplished lead and rhythm guitarist. In the 70's, his slide work became his signature sound.

Harrison was the first of the Beatles to arrive on American soil, when he visited his sister Louise in rural Illinois in September 1963, some five months before the group appeared on the "Ed Sullivan Show." During this visit, George browsed a record store and inquired about his group's music. The store owner had not even heard of them, and British pop music was conspicuously absent in the States; even top performer Cliff Richard's recent movie Summer Holiday was relegated to second billing when it played. George returned to Great Britain reporting to his bandmates that it might be difficult for them to succeed in America.

During the era of Beatlemania, Harrison was characterized as the "Quiet Beatle", noted for his introspective manner and his tendency not to speak in press conferences. He studied situations and people closely, though, and was the most interested of any Beatle in the band's finances, often quizzing Brian Epstein about them. He could also wisecrack as well as anyone in the band; when a reporter asked what they did in their hotel suite between shows, Harrison told him "We ice-skate."

Harrison wrote his first song, "Don't Bother Me", during a sick day in 1963, as an exercise "to see if I could write a song", as he remembered. "Don't Bother Me" appeared on the second Beatles album (With the Beatles) late that year, on Meet the Beatles! in the US in early 1964, and also appearing briefly in A Hard Day's Night. After that, The Beatles did not record another Harrison song until 1965, when he contributed "I Need You" and "You Like Me Too Much" to the album Help!

Harrison was the lead vocal on all the songs he wrote by himself. However, he also was the lead vocal on other songs, namely "Chains" and "Do You Want to Know a Secret" on Please Please Me, "Roll Over Beethoven" and "Devil in Her Heart" on With the Beatles, "I'm Happy Just to Dance With You" on A Hard Day's Night, and "Everybody's Trying to Be My Baby" on Beatles for Sale.

A turning point in Harrison's career came during an American tour in 1965, when his friend David Crosby of The Byrds introduced him to Indian classical music and the work of sitar maestro Ravi Shankar. Harrison quickly became fascinated with the instrument, immersed himself in Indian music and was pivotal in popularizing the sitar in particular and Indian music in general in the West.

Buying a sitar himself as The Beatles came back from a Far East tour, he became the first Western popular musician to play one on a pop record, on the Rubber Soul track "Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown)". He championed Shankar with Western audiences, and was largely responsible for having him included on the bill at the Monterey Pop Festival in June 1967. Shankar did not admire Harrison's first Indian-influenced efforts, but the two became friends, and Harrison began his first formal musical studies with Shankar.

A personal turning point for Harrison came during the filming of the movie Help!, on location in the Bahamas, when a Hindu devotee presented each Beatle with a book about reincarnation. Harrison’s interest in Indian culture expanded to his embracing Hinduism. A pilgrimage with wife Pattie to India, where Harrison studied sitar, met several gurus and visited various holy places, filled the months between the end of the final Beatles tour in 1966 and the commencement of the Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band sessions.

Ironically though, it was through his wife (and when back in England) that Harrison met Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, who introduced The Beatles, their wives and girlfriends to Transcendental Meditation. While they parted company with the Maharishi months afterwards, Harrison continued his pursuit of Eastern spirituality.

In the summer of 1969, he produced the single "Hare Krishna Mantra", performed by Harrison with the devotees of the London Radha Krishna Temple, that topped the 10 best-selling record charts throughout the UK, Europe, and Asia. That same year, he and fellow Beatle John Lennon met A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Founder-acharya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON). Soon after, Harrison embraced the Hare Krishna tradition (particularly japa-yoga chanting with beads; a meditation technique similar to the Catholic rosary), and remained associated with it until his death.

When, during his lifetime, Harrison bequeathed to ISKCON his Letchmore Heath mansion (renamed Bhaktivedanta Manor) north of London, he redoubled speculations that he would leave ISKCON a large sum in his will. Whilst some sources indicate he left nothing to the organisation, others report he did leave a sum of 20 million pounds.

Harrison formed a close friendship with Eric Clapton in the late 1960s and they co-wrote the song "Badge", which was released on Cream's farewell album in 1969. This song was the basis for Harrison's composition for The Beatles' Abbey Road album, "Here Comes the Sun", which was written in Clapton's back garden.

Friction between Harrison and McCartney increased markedly during the recording of The Beatles, with Harrison threatening to leave the group on several occasions. Between 1967 and 1969, McCartney on several occasions expressed dissatisfaction with Harrison's guitar playing. As a result, a number of Beatles songs from that period feature either McCartney or Lennon on lead guitar. In addition, the tension between Harrison and McCartney can be clearly seen in several scenes in the Let It Be documentary film and relations became so strained during the making of the film that Harrison briefly quit the band.

Harrison's songwriting improved greatly through the years, and his material gradually earned respect from both his fellow Beatles (with Lennon telling McCartney during 1969 "George's songs this year are at least as good as ours") and the public. Nonetheless, he later said that he always had difficulty getting the band to record his songs.

Notable Harrison compositions from The Beatles' canon include "If I Needed Someone"; "I Want to Tell You", the Indian-influenced "Love You To", "Taxman" (later referenced in Cheap Trick's "Taxman, Mr. Thief" and The Jam's "Start"), "Within You Without You", "Blue Jay Way", "Only A Northern Song", "While My Guitar Gently Weeps", which was strongly influenced by the music of his friend Roy Orbison and featured lead guitar by Eric Clapton, and "Piggies"; which later featured inadvertently in the notorious Charles Manson murder case (as did McCartney's "Helter Skelter").

"Something" and "Here Comes the Sun" (both from the album Abbey Road), are probably his two best-known Beatles songs. "Something" is considered one of his very best works, and was even covered by Elvis Presley and Frank Sinatra, who famously deemed it "the greatest love song of the last 50 years." His increasing productivity, coupled with his difficulties in getting The Beatles to record his music, meant that by the end of the group's career he had amassed a considerable stockpile of unreleased material.

When asked years later what kind of music The Beatles might have made if they had stayed together, his answer was to the point: "The solo stuff that we've done would have been on Beatle albums." Harrison, Lennon, and McCartney had always largely written apart; on one level, breaking up for each was merely a change of collaborators.

Harrison was still only 26 years old at the time of The Beatles last recording session (minus Lennon, who was "having a haircut").

1970s

After The Beatles split in 1970, Harrison released a number of albums that were critically and commercially successful, both as solo projects and as a member of other groups. After years of being limited in his contributions to The Beatles, he released a large number of the songs he had stockpiled in the first major solo work released after the breakup, All Things Must Pass, the first triple album by a single artist in rock history. The album, which topped the charts, included the number one hit single "My Sweet Lord", over which Harrison was later sued for copyright infringement due to the supposed similarities to the 1963 Chiffons single "He's So Fine". Harrison denied deliberately stealing the song, but he lost the resulting court case in 1976. In the ruling, the court accepted the possibility that Harrison had "unconsciously copied" the Chiffons melody as the basis for his own song. Disputes over damages dragged on into the 1990s, with manager Allen Klein changing sides by buying Bright Tunes, which published "He's So Fine", and continuing the suit after parting with Harrison, and Harrison ultimately winding up as the owner of both songs.

Harrison was probably the first modern musician to organize a major charity concert. His Concert for Bangladesh on August 1, 1971, drew over 40,000 people to two shows in New York's Madison Square Garden with the intention of aiding the starving refugees from the war in Bangladesh. Ravi Shankar opened the proceedings, which included other popular musicians such as Bob Dylan (who rarely appeared live in the early 1970s), Eric Clapton who made his first public appearance in months (due to a heroin addiction, begun as Derek and the Dominos broke up), Leon Russell, Badfinger, Billy Preston and fellow Beatle Ringo Starr. Unfortunately, tax troubles and questionable expenses tied up many of the concert's proceeds.  Apple Corps released a newly arranged concert DVD and CD in October 2005 with all artists' sales royalties continue to go to UNICEF which contained additional material such as previously unreleased rehearsal footage of "If Not For You" featuring Harrison and Dylan.

 

In addition to his own works, during this time Harrison co-wrote and/or produced several hits for Ringo Starr ("It Don't Come Easy", "Photograph") and also appeared on tracks by John Lennon ("How Do You Sleep?"), Harry Nilsson ("You're Breakin' My Heart"), Badfinger ("Day After Day"), Billy Preston ("That's The Way God Planned It") and Cheech & Chong ("Basketball Jones").

Harrison's next album was Living in the Material World in 1973. "Give Me Love (Give Me Peace on Earth)" was a big hit, and "Sue Me Sue You Blues" was a window into the former Beatles' miserable legal travails, but overall the record was seen as too overtly religious, though it did reach number one.

In 1974, Harrison released Dark Horse and at the same time launched a major tour of the United States which was subsequently criticised for its long opening act of Ravi Shankar & Friends, Harrison's hoarse voice, and his frequent preaching to the audience. The album made the Top 20 in the US album chart, but was a failure in the UK, due to a combination of declining interest and negative reviews. The single "Ding Dong, Ding Dong", a Top 40 UK hit, was widely panned for its unadventurous lyric, though it has since become a favourite record with radio programmers in the closing moments of each year, and at new year's eve parties.

It was during this period while in Los Angeles preparing for the 1974 tour that he also opened offices for his new Dark Horse Records on the A&M Records lot on La Brea Avenue in Los Angeles. It was in those offices that he met a beautiful young woman by the name of Olivia Trinidad Arias who was assigned to work at his label with Terry Doran from Apple and Jack Oliver who came over from London to run Dark Horse Records. The relationship progressed during the rehearsals and Olivia joined George on his 1974 tour during which their relationship blossomed into something more resulting in her permanent relocation to Friar Park in Henley-on-Thames, England, George's home.

Subsequent to the 1974 tour he returned to his home in the UK and commuted between there and Los Angeles for the next few years while Dark Horse issued a small number of records by performers such as Splinter, Attitudes and Ravi Shankar. He also planned to issue his own records through Dark Horse after his contract with EMI expired.

Amidst a music media rife with Beatle-reunion speculation, Harrison was probably the least accommodating of these theories, telling the press in 1974 that while he would not mind working with John Lennon and Ringo Starr again, he could not see himself being involved in a band with Paul McCartney, who had limited his contributions while in The Beatles.

His final album for EMI (and Apple Records) was Extra Texture, featuring a textured cover. The album spawned two singles, "You", and "This Guitar (Can't Keep From Crying)", which became Apple's final single release in 1975.

Following the former Beatles' release from Capitol at the beginning of that year, the record company was in a position to license releases featuring Beatles and post-Beatles work on the same album, and used Harrison for this unfortunate experiment. The Best of George Harrison (1976) combined the musician's best Beatle songs with a slim selection of his best solo Apple work, doing neither era a favor. Harrison made plain his annoyance with the track listing, and the fact that he was not consulted. It did not chart in the UK.

Business and personal troubles took their toll on Harrison during 1976. When his first Dark Horse album (Thirty Three & 1/3, his age at the time) was due, Harrison was suffering from hepatitis and could not complete the production. After A&M threatened to take him to court, Warner Bros. Records stepped in, buying out Harrison's Dark Horse contract with A&M, and allowing him time to regain his health.

Thirty Three & 1/3 was his most successful late-1970s album, and featured the hits "This Song" (a satire of the "My Sweet Lord" ruling) and "Crackerbox Palace" (a humorous and surrealistic number, looking back on his life to date; the title was the name of comedian Lord Buckley's former small home in Hollywood, California, which Harrison visited, and 'Mr. Grief' in the song had been Buckley's manager).

After his second marriage and the birth of son Dhani Harrison, Harrison's next album was self-titled: 1979s George Harrison included the hits "Blow Away", "Love Comes To Everyone" and "Faster". "Blow Away" featured a memorable electric-slide guitar introduction, and became a much-loved single at the end of the Seventies.

1980s

In 1980, Harrison became the only ex-Beatle to write an autobiography, I Me Mine. Former Beatles publicist Derek Taylor helped with the book, which was initially released in a high-priced limited edition. The book said little about The Beatles, focusing instead on Harrison's hobbies, such as gardening and Formula One auto racing. It also included the lyrics to his songs and many rare photographs.

Immediately following the December 1980 murder of his friend and former bandmate John Lennon, Harrison modified the lyrics of a song he had written for Ringo Starr to make it a tribute song to Lennon, "All Those Years Ago", which found substantial radio airplay and continues to be a staple of "classic rock" radio. All the three remaining Beatles performed on it, although it was expressly a Harrison single. "Teardrops" was issued as a follow-up single, but was not nearly as successful.

Both singles were pulled from the album Somewhere in England, released in 1981. The album was originally slated for release in late 1980, but Warner Bros. rejected it, ordering Harrison to replace several tracks, and to change the album cover as well. This was another professional humiliation for an artist who had already been sued successfully for his most famous post-Beatles song, "My Sweet Lord".

Aside from a song on the Porky's Revenge soundtrack in 1984, his version of a little-known Bob Dylan song "I Don't Want To Do It", Harrison released no new records for five years after 1982's Gone Troppo was met with apparent indifference. He returned in 1987 with the highly successful album Cloud Nine, co-produced with Jeff Lynne of Electric Light Orchestra, and enjoyed a hit (#1 in the U.S.; #2 in the U.K) when his cover version of James Ray's early 1960s number "Got My Mind Set on You" was released as a single; another single, "When We Was Fab", was also a minor hit. MTV regularly played the two videos, and elevated George's public profile as a relevant 80's artist. The album got to #8.

During the late 1980s, he was instrumental in forming the Traveling Wilburys with Roy Orbison, Jeff Lynne, Bob Dylan, and Tom Petty when they gathered in Dylan's garage to quickly record an additional track for a projected Harrison European single release. The record company realised the track ("Handle With Care") was too good for its original purpose as a single B-side and asked for a separate album. This had to be completed within two weeks, as Dylan was scheduled to start a tour. Released in October 1988, and recorded under pseudonyms as half-brothers (supposed sons of Charles Truscott Wilbury, Sr.), Traveling Wilburys Vol. 1 was dubbed one of the top 100 albums of all time by Rolling Stone magazine.

One of Harrison's most artistically successful ventures during this period was his involvement in film production through his company Handmade Films. Since childhood The Beatles had been fans of the anarchic humour of The Goons, and Harrison became a dedicated fan of their successors, the Monty Python team. He provided financial backing for the Python film The Life of Brian after the original backers (EMI Films) withdrew, fearing the subject matter of the film was too controversial. Other films produced by Handmade included Mona Lisa, Time Bandits, Shanghai Surprise and Withnail and I. He made several cameo appearances in these movies, including appearing as a nightclub singer in Shanghai Surprise, and as Mr. Papadopolous in Life of Brian. One of his most memorable cameos was as a reporter in the cult Beatles parody The Rutles, created by ex-Python Eric Idle. Despite this string of successes, Handmade Films fell into mismanagement in the 1990's, much like the Beatles' Apple Corps, and the demands severely depleted Harrison's finances.

1989 saw the release of Best of Dark Horse 1976-1989, a compilation drawn from his later solo work. This album also included three new songs: "Poor Little Girl", "Cheer Down", and "Cockamamie Business", the last of which saw him once again looking wryly upon his Beatley past. Unlike his previous greatest hits package, Harrison made sure to oversee this one.

1990s

The first year of the new decade saw a new Traveling Wilburys album, despite the untimely death of Roy Orbison. The band had allegedly approached Del Shannon about replacing Roy, but he also met an untimely death. The album, Traveling Wilburys Vol. 3 was recorded as a four-piece.

It was not as successful as the previous album, but still managed to stay on the charts for quite a time, spawning the singles "She's My Baby", "Inside Out", and "Wilbury Twist".

In 1991, Harrison staged a tour of Japan along with Eric Clapton. It was his first tour since the ill-fated 1974 U.S. tour, and, although he seemed to enjoy it, there were to be no others. The Live in Japan recording came from these shows. In October 1992, Harrison played three songs ("If Not For You", "Absolutely Sweet Marie", and "My Back Pages") at a huge Bob Dylan tribute concert at Madison Square Garden in New York City.

In 1994-1995, Harrison reunited with the surviving former Beatles for the Beatles Anthology project, which included the recording of two new Beatles songs built around solo vocal tapes recorded by Lennon in the 1970's, as well as the lengthy interviews on the Beatles history. The project was in part spurred on by Harrison's financial difficulties at the time, stemming from problems with his Handmade Films venture.

In 1995, at the height of the britpop movement—which was heavily influenced by Harrison's music—he became embroiled in a feud with Oasis' Gallagher brothers. Devoted fans of The Beatles, the brothers were offended when Harrison referred to them as "silly" and "a passing fad". Noel Gallagher responded by saying "George was always the quiet Beatle—maybe he should keep that up" whilst Liam Gallagher described him as a "nipple" and threatened to play golf off of Harrison's head should they ever meet. Apparently, the feud was short lived, and when Noel Gallagher and Harrison actually met, they got on well.

Harrison's final television appearance was not intended as such; in fact, he was not the featured artist, and the appearance was to promote Chants of India, another collaboration with Ravi Shankar released in 1997, at the height of interest in chant music. John Fugelsang conducted the interview, and at one point an acoustic guitar was produced, and handed to Harrison. When an audience member asked to hear "a Beatles song!" Harrison pulled a sheepish look and answered "I don't think I know any!" He did finish the show with a loose rendition of "All Things Must Pass".

A former heavy smoker, Harrison endured an ongoing battle with cancer throughout the late 1990s, having growths removed first from his throat, then his lung.

In late 1999 Harrison survived a horrific knife attack by an intruder in his home, which nightmarishly mirrored John Lennon's murder. On the evening of 30 December, 1999, a psychopath, Michael Abram, broke into the Harrison's Friar Park home in Henley-on-Thames, and stabbed George multiple times, ultimately puncturing his lung. Harrison and his wife, Olivia, fought the intruder and detained him for the police. 35-year-old Abram, who believed he was possessed by Harrison and was on a "mission from God" to kill him, was later acquitted on grounds of insanity. Harrison was understandably traumatized by the invasion and attack, and afterward severely limited his public appearances.

In 2001, Harrison appeared as a guest musician on the Electric Light Orchestra album, Zoom, played slide guitar on the song Love Letters for Bill Wyman's Rhythm Kings, and wrote a new song, "Horse To The Water", and recorded it (on what was his final recording, on October 2nd, just 58 days before his death, with Jools Holland on the latter's album, Small World, Big Band.

Death

Harrison's cancer recurred in 2001, and was found to have metastasized and spread. Despite aggressive treatment, it was soon found to be terminal. He set about getting his affairs in order, and spent his final months with his family and close friends. He also worked on songs for an album with his son Dhani, which was released after his death. During this time he was also reported to have made peace with Paul McCartney during a final emotional meeting, healing decades of hurt feelings.

It has been said that McCartney, in circumstances that mirrored the great lengths taken for family privacy during the final days of his cancer-stricken wife Linda McCartney, provided Harrison with a secret place to die, in a Hollywood Hills home leased by McCartney. A veil of secrecy surrounded the location for fear that memorabilia fans would swoop down on it. A fictitious address had been listed on his death certificate, said several news sources, yet when reports appeared that McCartney had provided sanctuary, Sir Paul's representatives denied the reports, calling them "utter fiction" and insisting that McCartney did not own a home in California. (Reuters reported that the home had been leased in the name of Gavin de Becker, a security consultant working for Harrison.)

Harrison succumbed on 29 November 2001. He was 58 years old. Harrison's death was ascribed to lung cancer that had metastasised to the brain. He was cremated, and although it was widely reported that his ashes were scattered in the Ganges River, the ceremony was not conducted at the expected time. The actual disposition of the ashes has not been publicly disclosed.

After his death, the Harrison family released the following statement: "He left this world as he lived in it: conscious of God, fearless of death and at peace, surrounded by family and friends. Harrison had often said, "Everything else can wait, but the search of God cannot wait; and love one another."

Harrison and Aaliyah made UK chart history when they scored the first (and so far the only) pair of back-to-back posthumous number one hits as Aaliyah's "More than a Woman" (released on 7 January, 2002 and topped the chart on 13 January, 2002) was followed by Harrison's "My Sweet Lord" (re-released on 14 January, 2002 and topped the chart on 20 January, 2002).

Harrison's final album, Brainwashed, was completed by Dhani Harrison and Jeff Lynne and released on November 18 2002. A media-only single, "Stuck Inside a Cloud", was heavily played on UK radio to promote the album, and the official single "Any Road", released in May 2003, was a Top 40 hit.

On 29 November 2002 – the first anniversary of George Harrison's death – the Concert for George saw the two remaining Beatles Paul McCartney and Ringo Starr join many of Harrison's other friends for a special memorial concert at the Royal Albert Hall in London that benefitted the Material World Charitable Foundation.

Harrison was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a solo artist on 15 March, 2004.

Personal and family life

Harrison was the youngest of four children (his older siblings being sister Louise, and brothers Peter and Harry). His father Harry had been a sailor until the children came along; he then changed careers, becoming a city bus driver to stay close to home. His mother Louise taught ballroom dancing at home. The family always encouraged George; his mother lent him the money for his first guitars, and kept him company (sometimes until late hours) as he taught himself to play. Harrison paid his mother back by making deliveries for the local butcher; John Lennon's family were among his route. His next job (after leaving school) was his apprenticeship at Blacklers, while playing nights with the early Beatles; to meet their first tour commitments, Harrison had to take his summer holiday early.

George's father, Harry, was disappointed that George had to quit at Blacklers to make the first Beatles trip to Hamburg in 1960, wanting him to have a trade, but reasoned that if things didn't work out, George was young and had time to start over. Harrison himself had hopes of being a working musician for a few years, then possibly trying to get into Art school.

Harrison's family remained close, even as the children grew up and the youngest became famous. Harrison bought his parents a new house with his Beatles earnings, and looked after their needs. Sister Louise became an unofficial Beatles spokesperson, contributing memorabilia to display collections and answering fan questions, while brothers Peter (who had briefly formed a band called the Rebels with George) and Harry were among Harrison's co-gardeners at his eventual home, Friar Park. Sadly, tensions with his siblings in his later years strained the earlier family closeness, although Harrison made a point of reconciling with them just before his death.

Harrison married model Pattie Boyd on 21 January, 1966 at Leatherhead and Esher registry office, with Paul McCartney as best man, and is reputed to have written the song "Something" for her in 1969, although he himself denied this, saying he was actually thinking about a song for Ray Charles. In the late 1960s, Eric Clapton fell in love with Boyd, and famously poured out his unrequited passion on the landmark Derek and the Dominos album Layla and Other Assorted Love Songs (1970). Some time after its release Boyd left her husband, and she and Clapton subsequently married. Despite this, the two men remained close friends, calling themselves "husbands in law."

Harrison's mother Louise died of cancer during 1970; his song "Deep Blue" (which appeared as a 1971 single B-side) came from his hospital visits to her, and his awareness of the pain and suffering all around. His father Harry also died of cancer, eight years later.

Harrison married for a second time to Olivia Trinidad Arias (born 18 May, 1948) in 1978. The ceremony took place on September 2 at their home, with guitarist and singer Joe Brown acting as best man. They had one son, Dhani Harrison, born the previous month. Dhani looks so remarkably like his father, that McCartney quipped on stage at Concert for George: "Olivia told me that it looks like George stayed young and we all got old." After the 1999 stabbing incident where Arias accosted Harrison's assailant nearly single-handedly, Harrison was sent a fax by close friend Tom Petty that simply read "Aren't you glad you married a Mexican girl?"

Cars

Harrison was a fan of sports cars and motor racing. He was often seen in the paddock areas of the British Grand Prix at Silverstone as well as other motor racing venues. In the Beatles Anthology, Harrison, McCartney, and Starr are shown sitting around a table at Friar Park with a colour poster of the late Brazilian Formula 1 World Champion, Ayrton Senna, behind them. Harrison also owned a $1 million McLaren F1 road car. The 3-seater McLaren can be seen carrying Harrison, McCartney, and Starr in the "Beatles Anthology" segment prior to the "Free As a Bird" video.

Pseudonyms

Harrison used pseudonyms well before his work as a Traveling Wilbury. Some of these were due to his recording contracts - he could legally not be credited as himself on many collaborations, and others were merely humorous and often self-deprecating. Some of the aliases George used were Arthur Wax, Bette Y El Mysterioso, Carl Harrison, George H., George Harrysong, George O'Hara, George O'Hara-Smith, The George O'Hara-Smith Singers, Hari Georgeson, Jai Raj Harisein, L'Angelo Mysterioso, OHNOTHIMAGEN, Nelson Wilbury, P. Roducer, Son of Harry, and Spike Wilbury

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